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Long term management of water in the Central Levant: the Hawran case (Syria).

Sujet: [SHS:ARCHEO] Humanities and Social Sciences/Archaeology and Prehistory, Water planning, ancient Syria, sustainability, hydraulic systems
Auteur: Braemer, Frank, Genequand, Denis, Dumond Maridat, Cécile, Blanc, Pierre-Marie, Dentzer, Jean-Marie, Gazagne, Damien, Wech., Pierre
Résumé: Apart from hydraulic systems linked to major rivers, the control of water in the Near East passes by the exploitation of complementary seasonal resources: springs and river floods. Southern Syria preserves many traces of this exploitation. The principal techniques of water catchment and storage were elaborated during the 4th millennium BC. The waterworks of the two following millennia constituted the basic and sustainable infrastructure of the water supply of the area. The technical innovations and the political reorganizations of the Roman, Byzantine and Umayyad times built a second layer of structures. All these systems were in use until the first half of the 20th century. One can thus follow over six millennia the processes of technical innovation, the periods of collective investment in large scale waterworks, and the reasons of the resilience or the disappearance of the technical systems and their attached social organization.
Disciplines: Archéologie
Régions: Moyen-Orient