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The use of fortification as a political instrument by the Ayyubids and the Mamluks in Bilād al-Šām and in Egypt (twelfth-thirteenth centuries)

Sujet: [SHS:ARCHEO] Humanities and Social Sciences/Archaeology and Prehistory, [SHS:ARCHEO] Sciences de l'Homme et Société/Archéologie et Préhistoire, [SHS:ARCHI] Humanities and Social Sciences/Architecture, space management, [SHS:ARCHI] Sciences de l'Homme et Société/Architecture, aménagement de l'espace, fortification, military architecture, Ayyubid, Mamluk, Near-East, Egypt, Crusades, castles
Auteur: Michaudel, Benjamin
Résumé: Fortification played a major role in the management of conflicts between Franks and Muslims in Syria (Bilād al-Šām) at the time of the Crusades. In addition to protecting the borders, fortifications preserved the local iqṭā‘-based economy. Between the end of the twelfth and the end of the thirteenth centuries, Ayyubid and Mamluk rulers used fortification to consolidate their power in Muslim and former Frankish territory. This political use of Islamic fortification knew three distinct stages of development between the late twelfth and thirteenth centuries, parallel with the technical evolution of Islamic military architecture and contemporary with political changes in Bilād al-Šām and Egypt.
Disciplines: Architecture
Régions: Moyen-Orient